What is Chemistry?
What is chemistry, and how does it work. How does this contribute to our daily lives? Before talking about all these, it is necessary for us to know where the chemicals came from.
The branch of science under which the properties, structure, composition of matters, and chemical reactions of liquids are studied is called chemistry.
The word chemistry has its origin from the ancient Egyptian name chemia. Because it is believed that the chemical originated from Egypt.
There have been many scientists all over the world who established chemistry as a separate branch on the basis of their knowledge and discoveries. With the help of his knowledge, Robert Boyle established chemistry as a separate branch. Berzelius contributed to the development of important discoveries and theories, which led Berzelius to be called the father of chemistry. Because of its contribution to chemistry, Levoshee is called the father of modern chemistry.
Branches of Chemistry
To facilitate the study of chemistry, it has been divided into various branches.
1. Inorganic Chemistry
Inorganic chemistry is the branch of chemistry under which inorganic compounds are studied. Such as - minerals, rocks, etc.
2. Organic Chemistry
Organic chemistry is the branch of chemistry under which organic compounds are studied.
However, different types of substances have been classified by different scientists from time to time. But the most important of these efforts was the classification made on the basis of natural sources in the 19th century. Based on this classification, the elements were classified as organic and inorganic in two categories. Substances derived from organisms (fauna and flora) are called organic compounds, while substances derived from inanimate sources such as minerals, rocks, etc. are called inorganic compounds.
3. Physical Chemistry
Physical chemistry is that the study of however matter behaves on a molecular and atomic level and the way chemical reactions occur. Supported their analyses, physical chemists could develop new theories, like however advanced structures square measure fashioned. Physical chemists usually work closely with materials scientists to analyze and develop potential uses for brand spanking new materials.
The branch of chemistry dealing with the study of all the life processes such as control and coordination within a living organism is called Biochemistry.
5. Industrial Chemicals
Industrial Chemicals worries about the victimization of chemical and physical processes to remodel raw materials into merchandise that square measure helpful to humanity. This includes the manufacture of basic chemicals to provide products for varied industries. Industrial Chemicals may be thought of as associate trade that generates artificial replacements for natural products.
6. Agricultural Chemicals
Agricultural Chemicals is the study of chemistry and organic chemicals in reference to the agricultural field. In agricultural chemicals, factors like agricultural production, the use of agricultural merchandise, and environmental matters square measure studied and ways that to enhance them square measure developed. In agricultural chemicals, the link between plants animals, and therefore the atmosphere is emphasized to obtain enhancements within the agricultural sector.
7. Medical Chemicals
Medicines are chemical substances that affect or alter the physiology when taken into a living system. They can either be natural or synthetic.
8. Analytical Chemicals
Analytical Chemicals is the branch of chemicals that deals with the analysis of various substances.
Importance of Chemistry
Chemistry has entered so much in our daily life that without it, happy life cannot be expected. It has made our daily life much more convenient and relaxing. Most of the things used in our daily life such as medicines, food items, metals, glass, soap, textiles, etc., are due to chemicals.
Some of the common uses of chemistry are:
1. In the Field of Agriculture
Chemistry is used in the manufacture of fine varieties of Fertilizer, Insecticides, Fungicides, Pesticides, Preservatives, etc. Seeds.
2. In Industries
Chemicals have a major contribution to the manufacture of cement, leather, dyes, paper, petroleum, glass, soap, scavengers, paint textiles (synthetic, silk, wool, synthetic yarn), etc.
3. In Medicine
Antibiotics such as allopathy, homeopathy, Ayurveda, and other medicines such as chloromycetin, streptomycin, ampicillin, etc. are manufactured by chemicals only. Cisplatin (used for the treatment of cancer) and azidothymidine (AZT which is used for the treatment of AIDS) etc. have also been made possible by chemicals.
4. Synthesis of New Materials
Ceramics, superconductors, conductors, optical fibers, fibers, etc. have been made possible with the help of chemicals.
5. In the Field of Transportation
Many types of fuels such as petrol, diesel, coal, etc. have been made possible by the knowledge of chemicals.
6. In Checking Pollution
New technologies are being used to protect the environment with the help of chemicals. For example, in the stratosphere, ozone weathering factors such as chlorofluorocarbon substitutes are being synthesized by chemicals.
Apart from the above, there are many more fields, which have been possible only through chemicals. Therefore, it is clear that chemicals have a unique contribution to every area of our life.
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