When the zoo master in the zoo teaches new tricks to the animals, at that time the animals learn many other things along with the feats. As when they are learning new tricks, at that time their behavior also changes a lot. That is, when animals are learning tricks, their brains are also developing at the same time. So that they understand what feat they have to do at what time. Similarly, there are many other changes in the behavior of animals. So today we will learn about animal training. At the same time, we will also see that there is a difference in the behavior of animals while learning.
What is the Definition of Behavior?
What is Behavior? If we understand the behavior of direct language, then every action that humans or animals do is called behavior. Such as blinking, walking, eating, drinking, running, etc. All these actions are a part of the behavior itself.
On the other hand, if we talk about the special types of behavior of animals, then animals mainly behave in four types. which are as follows-
- To search for food and water.
- Interacting in social groups.
- Defending itself from predators.
- To breed.
Behavior helps animals survive
Animal behaviors are usually essential to their survival. Such as finding food, and defending themselves from predators, by doing this they can keep themselves alive. But some behaviors are difficult to understand, but they are necessary for the survival of animals. For example, why does the flamingo stand on one leg?, Birds conserve heat by keeping their other leg close to their body so that they can survive, etc.
Ethology deals with the scientific study of animal behavior. According to which if we explain the behavior of an animal and the other hand we observe and record its behavior, then it is easier to understand the behavior of the animal in the other situation.
Observers, when studying animal behavior, must take care that none of the behaviors are anthropomorphic, that is, they do not intertwine the characteristics of human and animal behavior. But it is also true that humans and animals share some traits. But we have no way of knowing why an animal is doing any work.
Definition of Stimulus (Things about Animal Training)
A stimulus is a change in the environment that produces a behavioral response. It is a kind of phenomenon, which is recognized by the senses of animals. That is, whenever there is a reaction around, the animal becomes alert at once, it is called a stimulus. For example, the smell of food, the sound of a predator, the smell of another animal, etc.
Whenever any of these reactions occur near animals, they immediately understand that someone is around them, and then they behave accordingly. As if there they realized that there was a hunter, then the animals run away from there so that they do not get trapped in that hunter's net.
Definition of Reflex
Reflexes are uncoordinated, involuntary, and simple responses to specific types of stimuli. That is, all those actions on which we are not under control, are called reflexes. Such as trembling of the body in cold, blinking of the eyelids when an object comes towards the mark, etc. Reflexes are controlled by a part of the brain called the cerebellum, or primitive brain. Animals have no control over this part of the brain.
But sometimes it is difficult to differentiate between reflexes and complex behavior. Because complex behavior can usually be made up of multiple reflections. For example, walking, running, playing, and jumping are all learned behaviors, whereas reflexes are automatic at the input of our brain, we have no control over them.
Animal Intelligence (Things about Animal Training)
We all know that animals are intelligent like us. But the question is, how intelligent are animals after all? If we talk about the intelligence of animals, then the intelligence in animals is like that of humans. For example, more in some and a little less in some.
But every animal must have the intelligence that it must have to survive in any given environment. That is, they can use the right intelligence according to the environment and save their health from getting worse.
Whenever a human gets any reaction from an animal, that is, trains him and he behaves accordingly, then he is said to be intelligent. As in a zoo, the zoo master makes all the animals react differently and those animals also react accordingly.
If the intelligence of animals is understood by more examples then some examples are given below.
- Some octopuses display complex problem-solving skills. That is, compared to other invertebrates, octopuses are quite intelligent.
- Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are considered to be the most intelligent among apes. Because they can identify and manufacture feed-making equipment.
It is very challenging to accurately assess the intelligence of animals because it is not humanized. It would be unfair if the intelligence of animals was measured using only human guidelines. Because animals use their intelligence even beyond the guidelines given by humans.
If it is said that how animals learn behavior, then the behavior of some animals is innate, then many animals learn from their experiences. Many scientists define learning as a relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of experience. Many animals learn gradually and in different stages. That is, they learn new behaviors by doing them gradually.
The genetic makeup and body structure of an animal determines what behavior it is possible to learn. Any animal can learn to do only what it is physically capable of doing. As a dolphin can never learn to ride a bicycle, because it has no feet to pedal, and no fingers to hold the handlebar. But the same dolphin can swim in the water quite well. Because it is his natural nature.
Any animal usually learns through observation, that is, animals often try to learn by observing other animals. Whenever animals see another animal, they observe it and start imitating it. In animals, this observational learning can take place without any external reinforcement. Also, all animal(s) are capable of learning individual behavior as well as entire behavioral repertoire through observation alone.
As in SeaWorld, killer whale calves simply follow their mothers and try to imitate everything they do. As you must have seen in a show that there is a big whale and a small whale. They both give the same type of performance. By their first birthday, the whales have learned more than a dozen show behaviors by simply imitating their mother.
Similarly in Busch Gardens, a young chimpanzee learns foraging and social behavior by observing its mother and other members of the group around her. Adult animals trained with experience can learn at a faster rate than those trained without them.
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