MIT Researchers Create Programmable Digital Fibre That Can Be Sewn Into Fabrics

Science

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A team of researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has invented a fiber with digital capabilities that can sense, store, analyze and predict movements once sewn into a shirt. Is. These fibers increase the chances of uncovering the context of hidden patterns in the human body, said Joel Fink, a professor and principal investigator in the Research Laboratory of Electronics and a senior author of the study. Then, the data can be used to monitor physical performance, medical estimation, and also help detect diseases at an early stage.

The new digital fiber can be sewn into fabric and washed at least 10 times without breaking, the researchers said. The fiber was made with the help of hundreds of square silicon microscale digital chips that were placed on a platform. It was then used to make polymer fibers, which are thin and flexible and can be passed through a needle.

The researchers said the digital fiber can store as much memory as they were able to write, store and read information on it, including a 767Kb full-color short movie file as well as a 0.48Mb music file. He said such files can be stored for two months without electricity.

a report in MIT News "This work represents the first realization of a fabric with the ability to store and process data digitally," Fink is quoted as saying. Fink said this was "a new information content dimension for textiles" and "allowed clothing to be programmed literally."

Gabriel Locke, a PhD student at MIT and lead author of the study, said that when the fiber is inserted into the shirt, one cannot feel it. "You wouldn't know it was there," Locke said.

Locke said digital fiber opens up many areas of opportunities and solves some of the problems of functional fiber.

Since digital fiber can store a lot of memory, among the "crazy ideas" researchers had used it for a wedding gown that would store digital music within the weave of its fabric.

In addition, the fiber, in its memory, also contains a neural network of 1,650 connections. So what does he do? To explain this, the researchers sewed fibers around the armpits of a shirt and then collected 270 minutes of surface body temperature data from the person wearing the clothes. They then analyzed how these data corresponded to different physical activities. They found that the fiber was able to determine with 96 percent accuracy what activity the person wearing it was engaged in, he said.

And this analytical power, the researchers say, may well one day reach a stage where it alerts and alerts people in real time to health changes such as a decline in respiration or an irregular heartbeat. For now, the fiber is controlled externally by a device, but the next step, according to the researchers, is to develop a microchip that can be attached within the fiber itself.


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